Grevy’s Zebra

Equus grevyii

Grevy’s zebra are well-adapted to life in dry, semi-arid scrub and grasslands in Kenya and Ethiopia.

Grevy’s zebras feed mainly on grasses but they will also consume bark, fruit and leaves. Poor nutrient content requires a high volume of intake, so they spend about 60 percent of their day eating.

Grevy’s zebra are the largest of the zebra species. Like their relatives, the plains zebras, Grevy’s have distinct black and white stripes. Their stripes, however, are taller and narrower and end around the belly area, which is usually white. This species also has the largest ears of any zebra, which, when combined with a long neck, contribute to their mule-like appearance. Their stripes are unique, just like human fingerprints.

Unlike all other species of zebra, Grevy’s zebras do not form permanent herds or permanent social bonds between adults. Mares and their latest foals make up the basis for Grevy social structure while adult male zebras live alone and occupy large territories. Males without territories usually form bachelor herds.

Grevy’s zebra are classified by the IUCN Red list as Endangered due to habitat loss/fragmentation, drought, poaching and potential competition with livestock.

As the species’ habitat declines, the zebras must roam over larger and larger areas in search of food and water. Historically, Grevy’s zebra have also been hunted for their meat and attractive skins, which are used to make consumer items such as coats, rugs, and bags.

The Grevy’s zebras at Fife Zoo are a bachelor herd of males and are part of the European Ex-Situ Programme, or EEP managed by EAZA. We also support the Grevy’s Zebra Trust at the Zoo.

HABITAT

Grevy’s zebras live in semi-arid scrub and grasslands in Kenya and Ethiopia.

DIET

Grevy’s zebras are grazers, but will also eat bark, leaves and fruit.

THREATS

Grevy’s zebras have a number of threats, including livestock agriculture, drought, hunting and habitat loss.

CONSERVATION

ENDANGERED

They are restricted to eastern Africa and have significant threats, however, the wild population is thought to be stable for the time being.

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